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Flowering Plant Care

African Violet (saintpaulia)


Light:Bright, indirect light (no direct sun).

Water: Keep the potting medium moderately moist. Water when the surface is dry to the touch, and don’t allow plants to stand in water. High humidity is essential; surround the pots with damp peat moss, or place them on pebble trays. Mist lightly with a fine spray only when the plants are not in flower.
Temperature: Warm temperatures—70 F to 75 F during the day and 65 F to 70 F at night.
Availability: Year-round.
Colors: White, pink, blue, purple, yellow and bi colors.
Bloom life: Continuous flowering in proper conditions.

Re blooming: African violets are known for their ability to flower at almost any time of the year. If the plants’ basic needs are met—steady warmth, careful watering, good light, high air humidity and regular feeding—consumers should have several blooming periods a year. Dead flowers and damaged leaves should be removed immediately.
Other: Water on leaves and flowers can cause spots, and cold water can cause necrosis (dead spots), so water carefully with tepid water. Water either right under the rosette of leaves at the edge of the pot with a narrow-neck can, or pour water into a saucer underneath the pot, and allow the roots and growing medium to absorb what they need.

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Azalea (rhododendron)

Light: Bright, indirect light (no direct sun).

Water: Keep the potting medium evenly moist at all times; don’t ever allow it to dry out. Water when the surface is dry to the touch, and don’t allow plants to stand in water. Mist the leaves daily during flowering season.
Temperature: Low temperatures—60 F to 65 F during the day and 55 F to 60 F at night are preferred and will dramatically increase these plants’ longevity.
Availability: Year-round; the plants are most popular January through April.
Colors: Red, pink, crimson, magenta, salmon, purple and white.
Bloom life: Three to eight weeks.
Re blooming: After the flowering period ends, move the plants to a cool room, and continue watering. When the danger of frost has passed, move the pots to a shady spot in the garden, and feed, water and mist them until flower buds appear, usually in early autumn. Then bring them into a cool room until the buds open.

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Chrysanthemum  (dendranthema)

Light: Bright, indirect light (no direct sun).
Water: Keep the soil moderately moist; never allow soil to dry out. Water when the surface is dry to the touch, and don’t allow plants to stand in water.
Temperature: Moderate temperatures—65 F to 75 F during the day and 60 F to 70 F at night. Keeping plants on the cool side (60 F to 65 F) will promote longevity.
Availability: Year-round.
Colors: Many, including purple, lavender, red, pink, orange, bronze, yellow, butterscotch, white and bi colors.
Bloom life: Three weeks or longer.
Re blooming: Potted chrysanthemums are difficult to re bloom in the home, and doing so is not recommended. Instead, advise customers to cut their plants back and plant them outdoors, in areas shaded from midday sun, where they will revert to their natural growth habit no later than summer or fall of the following year.
Photo courtesy of Yoder Brothers, Inc.

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Easter Lily  (lilium)

Light: Bright, indirect light (no direct sun).
Water: Keep the soil moderately moist. Water when the surface is dry to the touch, and don’t allow plants to stand in water.
Temperature: Moderate temperatures—65 F to 70 F during the day and 50 F to 60 F at night.
Availability: March and April.
Color: White.

Bloom life: One to two weeks.
Re blooming: As the leaves turn yellow and stems die, reduce watering. Repot the bulbs in the fall. Keep them cold, dark and moist. When shoots appear, move the plants to a brightly lit spot. The flowers will be smaller than those on plants raised from newly purchased bulbs.

Other: To prevent pollen staining, remove anthers on open flowers, and instruct consumers to do the same.

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Miniature Rose  (rosa)

Light: Bright, direct light; a sunny window sill is ideal.
Water: Water liberally, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between watering. Mist the leaves frequently, and stand the pots on pebble trays if the room is warm.
Temperature: Moderate temperatures indoors—50 F to 70 F during flowering.
Availability: Year-round.
Colors: Many, including reds, pinks, peach/salmon/apricot, oranges, yellows, white/cream/ivory and bi colors.
Bloom life: Two to three weeks.
Re blooming: Re pot the plants in the fall, and transfer them outdoors, burying them in soil, if possible. In midwinter, bring the plants indoors, and remove the top half of the stems. Put the plants in an unheated room for a week or two before moving them to a heated room.

Other: Remove blooms as they die, or they will turn into rose hips, which use energy the plants need to reflower.

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Orchid  (cymbidium, dendrobium, phalaenopsis)

Light:Bright, indirect light (no direct sun).
Water: Keep the growing medium moderately and evenly moist. Reduce watering in the winter. Mist the leaves occasionally or place pots on pebble trays because orchids require constantly humid air.
Temperature: Daytime temperatures of about 70 F in summer and 60 F in winter; nighttime temperatures should be about 10 degrees lower. Cold drafts, however, can be fatal, and orchids will not tolerate hot, stuffy conditions, so provide good air movement.
Availability: Year-round.
Colors: Many, including white, cream, magenta, purple, lavender, pink, orange, green, yellow, red, brown and bi colors.
Bloom life: Weeks to months.
Re blooming: With proper care, most orchid plants will rebloom.

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Gerbera Daisy  (Jamesonii)

Watering: Drench the soil and let it become moderately dry between waterings.
Lighting: Does best in full sunlight coming from the South/East/West with temperatures at 10-24°C.

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Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum Mill.)

Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist, use warm water. Stop watering in late spring and resume in late summer.
Lighting: Does best in bright indirect sunlight coming from the North with temperature at 4-16°C.

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Kalanchoe (blossfeldiana)

Watering: Drench the soil and let it become barely moist between waterings.
Plant goes dormant for the summer, repot in late summer and keep cool.

Lighting:
Does best in full sunlight coming from the South/East/West with temperature at 10-24°C.

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6654 Main Street
Wonderland, AK 45202
(513) 555-7856